A Spectroscopic Galaxy Evolution Survey with the Hubble Space Telescope


Figures (clockwise from top left): F140W direct image within the GOOD-South field observed as part of 3D-HST; G141 grism spectra within  the same GOODS-South pointing; an extracted spectrum of a star-forming galaxy at z=1.733 in GOODS-N, showing multiple line-emitting components (shown are the extractions for the main galaxy and the tail) from Brammer et al., 2012.


  1. The 3D-HST Survey: Hubble Space Telescope WFC3/G141 grism spectra, redshifts, and emission line measurements for ∼100,000 galaxies, Momcheva, Brammer, van Dokkum et al., 2016ApJS, 225, 27M

  2. A Massive Galaxy in its Core Formation Phase Three Billion Years After the Big Bang, Nelson et al., 2014, Nature, 10.1038/nature13616. Press releases from NASA, ESA, Yale and Keck accompanied the publication.

  3. Geometry of Star-Forming Galaxies from SDSS, 3D-HST and CANDELS, van der Wel et al. 2014ApJ...792...L6

  4. Constraining the Low-Mass Slope of the Star Formation Sequence at 0.5<z<2.5, Whitaker et al., arXiv:1407.1843, submitted to ApJ

  5. NASA and Yale press releases based on Wong et al. (2014):  “Hubble Shows Farthest Lensing Galaxy Yields Clues to Early Universe”.

The Census, Evolution, Physics conference took place November 16-19, 2015 in New Haven, CT. The presentations are archived here.

3D-HST is a near-infrared spectroscopic survey with the Hubble Space Telescope designed to study the physical processes that shape galaxies in the distant Universe. This Treasury program was allocated 248 orbits of HST time during Cycles 18 and 19.   3D-HST surveyed ~600 square arcminutes of well-studied extragalactic survey fields (AEGIS, COSMOS, GOODS-S, UKIDSS-UDS) with two orbits of primary WFC3/G141 grism coverage and two to four orbits with ACS/G800L coverage. The short acquisition images,  taken in the WFC3/F140W and ACS/F814W filters used for wavelength reference for the spectra, are also deeper than most ground-based observations. Now completed, 3D-HST provides the critical third dimension - redshift - for over 10,000 galaxies at z>1.

3D-HST is supported by grant HST-GO-12177 awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute.

When using data from the 3D-HST survey, please include the following acknowledgement:

"This work is based on observations taken by the 3D-HST Treasury Program (GO 12177 and 12328) with the NASA/ESA HST, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555."

And cite Brammer et al. (2012), Skelton et al. (2014) and Momcheva et al. (2016).

Last updated: March 4, 2017